Kokořínsko Protected Landscape Area

Mycology

Kokořínsko PLA is known for its distinctly rugged terrain with a varied mosaic of upland plateaux which are used for agriculture and deep, forested valleys and ravines. The PLA is the home of equally varied and species-rich fungi communities.Lowland fungi species can be found at warm themophyte localities, whereas the cold,damp ravines favour more montane species. An example of this contrast is the highly endangered cup fungus Ascotremella faginea, which grows in the side ravines of the Kokořínský důl Valley, and the stiltball fungus Battarrea stevensii, which has been found nearby. The first of these species is typical for beechwoods at higher elevations, whereas the second species is more common in arid regions in southern Europe or even in African deserts.

Of the fungi which are classified as specially protected species in the Czech Republic, the critically endangered black summer truffle (Tuber aestivum) and the endangered brittlegill Russula alnetorum grow here. The most beautiful fungi from the Red List in the Czech Republic which occur here include the violet crowncup (Sarcosphaera), arched earthstar (Geastrum fornicatum), thimble morel (Verpa conica) and the lilac dapperling (Cystolepiota bucknallii). Rich populations of meadow fungi, especially of the waxcaps - Hygrocybe, coral fungi - Ramariopsis, pinkgills - Entoloma and black earthtongues - Geoglossum orders, were documented in Kokořínsko in 2007. Fungi of these orders are indicative of the level of preservation and lack of pollution in these environments.