Slavkovský les Protected Landscape Area

Basic Information

The Slavkovský les PLA was established by the Czechoslovakian Ministry of Culture on 3rd May, 1974, covering a total area of 606 km². The territory is a mountainous island of greenery, calm and still near–natural wilderness at many localities, surrounded by landscape under economic management. The PLA borders mostly correspond to the roads between Karlovy Vary, Loket, Kynšperk nad Ohří, Mariánské Lázně, Teplá, Andělská Hora and back to Karlovy Vary. The most northerly point can be found at the crossroads between the villages of Sedlečko and Semnice, the most southerly point is found in the village of Vyškov, the most easterly point is on the road below the Šemnická skála Nature Monument and the most westerly point is near Manský dvůr close to Dolní Žandov. The position of Slavkovský les PLA between the Czech Republic’s most important spa towns means that Slavkovský les PLA’s main role differs from that of the other PLAs in the Czech Republic. The PLA mission is to protect the landscape, its appearance and typical features and especially to maintain and conserve the sources of natural, therapeutic mineral waters. The typical characteristics include the landscape formation including water flows and stillwaters, all phenomena connected with mineral springs and acidolous springs, the region’s climate, vegetation cover and wildlife, the distribution and usage of the forests and agricultural  lands as well as the positioning and architecture of the settlements including valuable examples of folk architecture.

Slavkovský les PLA is a significant and important region on the scale of the Czech Republic but also internationally. For its great variety of natural localities and numerous animal and plant species Slavkovský les has also been included in the Natura 2000 system of Sites of Community Importance. Protected animal species include marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia), the bullhead (Cottus gobio) and the European souslik (Spermophilus cittelus). Among the most significant plant species is the endemic species of chickweed sandwort-leaved mouse-ear (Cerastium alsinifolium).