Ĺ umava National Park

Pedology

The Šumava area has a mostly montane character with predominantly acidic, soil-forming substrates. The high average elevation of the territory (only a few areas lie below 600 m), relatively flattened landscape (favourable for the development of semihydromorphic and hydromorphic soils) and generally milder climate are the specific factors by which the Šumava soil types differ from those of other mountain ranges in the Czech Republic.

The most significant soil types are acidic cambisol (brownsoils), ferric soils, podzolic soils, raw soils, ranker, pseudogley, stagno gley, fluvisol soil and gleysol. The peaty soils (histosols) are very typical phenomena for Šumava.