Litovelské Pomoraví Protected Landscape Area

Basic information

Litovelské Pomoraví PLA was established on 15th November, 1990 by way of a declaration from the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic on the territory of the Morava river alluvial plain between Olomouc and Mohelnice. With its area of 96 km², Litovelské Pomoraví is the fifth smallest PLA in the Czech Republic. Of the total area 56 % is forested, 27 % are agricultural lands of which 9,5 % are meadows, water covers 8 % of the area and other usage and built up areas make up 9 %. The elevation above sea level ranges from 210 m on the Morava river in Olomouc to 345 m at Jelení kopec. In the centre of the PLA we can visit the historic Royal town of Litovel, which lends the PLA its name.

The mission of the PLA is to ensure long-term increased protection and ecologically sustainable land use in the landscape of the Morava river alluvial plains with an exceptionally high concentration of natural values. The PLA covers an extensive area with a harmonically formed landscape, a characteristicly developed georelief, a considerable percentage of natural forest and permanent grassland ecosystems as well as a wide diversity of tree species.

As a consequence of its natural values, Litovelské Pomoraví is a part of the European system of Natura 2000 protected areas and has been declared an SPA - Bird Area in order to protect the kingfisher (Alcedo atthis), collared flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis) and middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius). The area is also nominated as a proposed Site of Community Importance due to the presence of several significant animal species, such as European beaver (Castor fiber), otter (Lutra lutra), great crested newt (Triturus cristatus) and European fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina), as well as for several significant biotopes found here. The wetland section of Litovelské Pomoraví has been included in the List of Wetlands of International Importance according to the Ramsar Convention.

The most valuable sections of the territory are further protected in 28 small-scale Specially Protected Areas – 2 National Nature Reserves (Vrapač, Ramena řeky Moravy NNR), 1 National Nature Monument (Třesín), 13 Nature Reserves (Bradlec, Doubrava, Hejtmanka, Chomoutovské jezero, Kačení louka, Kenický, Litovelské louky, Moravičanské jezero, Novozámecké louky, Panenský les, Plané loučky, Templ, U Spálené) a 12 Nature Monuments (Bázlerova pískovna, Častava, Daliboř, Hvězda, Kurfürstovo rameno, Malá voda, Třesín, U přejezdu, U Zámecké Moravy, U senné cesty, V Boukalovém, Za mlýnem).

The inland delta of the Morava river forms the core of the PLA and is the main natural phenomenon of this area. The naturally meandering course of the Morava river, which branches out into a network of periodic and permanent sidestreams, branches and pools, a so-called inland delta.  The area also includes the accompanying complex of valuable alluvial forests, wet alluvial meadows and wetlands as well as the karst territory on Třesín hill with the Mladečské jeskyně caves (open to the public) and the Doubrava complex of upland oak forest. 

Today, alluvial forests are among the most endangered vegetation types in this country. In the Czech Republic the last extensive area covered with alluvial forests and with undisturbed natural river dynamics can be found here in Litovelské Pomoraví. Due to the sensitive approach to land management practiced by our ancestors, the landscape in Pomoraví has retained relatively high natural values on a small territorial area. This landscape is unique on a European scale as a result of its natural river flow and closely inter-related conservation and species diversity in the floodplain forests. Litovelské Pomoraví PLA Administration aims to preserve the harmonic character of the Morava river alluvial plains and to gradually improve their irreplaceable ecological function.