Borový National Nature Monument

The Borový NNM covers the forested south and south-western slopes of Borový vrch Hill (487 metres) and lies around 1km north-east of the town of Žulová and 0.5km north of Boží hora. The monument covers an area of 36.84 hectares and lies in the northern foothills of the Hrubý Jeseník mountain range and in the north of the Olomoucký kraj – Olomouc Region.
 
The territory belongs to the Pluton and is one of the most remarkable localities which document the meso- and micro-forms resulting from weathering of granite in the Bohemian Massif. Borový vrch Hill is built of biotite granodiorites and light-coloured Silesian granite with a complex of low rocky outcrops. A series of exfoliation coat joints, with well-developed small granite weathering forms such as rock niches, rock bowls and others can be found on the summit and slopes. The largest of the rock bowls measures 112x78x93cm. During the Pleistocene glaciations the summit of Borový vrch and the other summits of the Žulovská pahorkatina Hills probably remained above the ice sheet as nunataks.
 
The rocks and surrounding areas are covered with an open-canopy mixed forest with predominant Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) and beech (Fagus sylvatica), with an admix of European larch (Larix decidua) and scattered pendunculate oaks (Quercus robur), silver birch (Betula pendula), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus). The undergrowth is dominated by white wood-rush (Luzula luzuloides), heather (Calluna vulgaris), bracken (Pteridium aquilinum), white cushion-moss (Leucobryum glaucum) and lichens. The forked spleenwort (Asplenium septentrionale) grows in crevices in the rocks. The unsuitable spruce monocultures in the eastern section of the monument are gradually being transformed into stands with a natural tree species composition of fresh and rich beechwoods with oaks.
 
Ground-dwelling mammals such as the yellow-necked mouse (Apodemus flavicollis), common shrew (Sorex araneus) and pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus) are common at Borový NNM. Bird populations include collared flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis), chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs) and great spotted woodpeckers (Dendrocopos major). The presence of the stag beetle Sinodendron cylindricum is an indicator of how well preserved these mixed forests are.
 
The monument is endangered by mineral collectors.