Búrová National Nature Monument

The Búrová NNM covers an area of 18.8 hectares at elevations of 442 – 532 metres above sea level in the parish of Suchov, which lies in the Bílé Karpaty (White Carpathian Mountains) Protected Landscape Area. The monument was declared to protect meadow growths with scattered trees on the north-eastern slope of the Háj hill (573 m). These are typical White Carpathian meadows with scattered oak trees and a strong population of black false hellebore (Veratum nigrum). The south-western edge of the meadows is fringed by forest stands.
 
The vegetation consists of meadow growths, where the basic grasses are upright brome (Bromus erectus) and false oat-grass (Arrhenatherium elatius). Black false hellebore (Veratrum nigrum) can be found scattered over around 2 hectares and in Moravia this flower can only be found here and in Podyjí NP. Other significant plant species growing here include the bellflower Campanula cervicaria, erect clematis (Clematis recta), martagon Lily (Lilium martagon), purple milk-vetch (Astragalus danicus), hairy spurge (Euphorbia villosa) and the speedwell Pseudolysimachion maritimum. A small population of great pasque flower (Pulsatilla grandis) was discovered here in 1994. Orchids are quite rare in this reserve although we can find early purple orchids (Orchis mascula), elder-flowered orchid (Dactylorhiza sambucina) and fragrant orchid (Gymnadenia conopsea) around the margins. In 2001 three examples of pyramidal orchid (Anacamptis pyramidalis) were also discovered here. The early marsh orchid (Dactylorhiza incarnata) also grows in the wetland on the edge of the protected area.
 
Several rarer butterfly species have been recorded on the territory of the monument, including the geometrid moth Epirrhoe pupillata, belted beauty moth (Lycia zonaria), deep-brown dart moth (Aporophyla lutulenta), Euchalcia modesta of the Plusiinae and also the autumn silkworm moth Lemonia taraxaci. Other insects which occur here include the praying mantis (Mantis religiosa), stag beetle (Lucanus cervus), black-backed meadow ant (Formica pratensis), the odorous ant Dolichoderus quadripunctatus and a varied range of ground beetles, including several rare steppe species.
 
Vertebrates which live at Búrová include the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis), smooth snake (Coronella austriaca), agile frog (Rana dalmatina) and the slowworm (Anguis fragilis). Significant bird species include the whinchat (Saxicola rubetra) and the meadow bunting (Miliaria calandra).
 
The territory of the protected area was fertilized in the 1980s. The species diversity of the grasslands was reduced as a result of the mineral fertilizers and seeding with commercial grass species. Similar activities are now forbidden and the condition of the meadows is improving. The grasslands are regularly cut by hand.