Luční National Nature Monument

The Luční NNM was declared in 1988 on an area of 1ha and lies in the parish of Turovec and close to the town of Tábor in the Jihočeský - South Bohemian Region. The monument consists of the dam wall of the fishpond of the same name. The main subject of the protection here are the fungi – Luční NNM was the very first mycological reservation to be declared in the former Czechoslovakia.
 
On the 300-metre-long dam wall approximately 400 fungi species have been recorded so far. The most notable are the thermophilous members of the Boletaceae, of which 33 species have been recorded here. Among the most interesting and notable species are the boletes - Boletus xantopurpureus, the gilded bolete (Aureoboletus gentilis), the boletes Boletus legaliae and Boletus spinarii, crimson bolete (Rubinoboletus rubinus), devil’s bolete (Boletus satanas), old rose bolete (Boletus rhodopurpureus), iodine bolete (Boletus impolitus), rooting bolete (Boletus radicans) and oak bolete (Boletus appendiculatus).
 
The locality also has rich populations of other mycorrhizal orders of fungi (fungi which grow in symbiosis with the roots of vascular plants). The russula fungi are represented here by 38 species, the lactarius fungi (milk-caps) with 21 species, tricholoma fungi with 13 species, amanita fungi with 11 species and cortinarius fungi with 25 species. The rarest fungi in the monument include the scalycap fungus Pholiota albocrenulata, veined shield (Pluteus thomsonii), the critically endangered elegant earthstar (Geastrum elegans), the brittlegills Russula decipiens, Russula luteotacta and Russula pseudointegra and others.
 
Mycological monitoring has been carried out at Luční NNM since 1988 in the form of intensive long-term research. The species diversity of macromycetes is recorded, as well as the total numbers of fruiting bodies in belts of 10x10 metres. The locality is regularly visited during the season. The majority of the rarest fungi are fenced off with small sticks and plates with their names are put up. On the basis of field research, surveys of fructification of the individual species over time and area are then prepared.
 
The tree layer on the dam wall is dominated by pendunculate oaks, of which some are estimated to be 250-300 years old. There are also larger numbers of European aspens and silver birches, with scattered examples of Norway spruce, Scots pine and sycamore. The maintenance of (more or less) closed forest stands on both sides of the dam wall is fundamental for the survival of the rare fungi species. When some trees die or are uprooted, they are replaced by newly planted trees. The tall-herb growths are cut by hand to limit the spread of aggressive plant species.
 
The locality is accessible along the marked tourist trail from the Planá nad Lužnicí – Turovec road. The trail follows the dam wall and information panels have been installed here. Fungi fruiting bodies are labelled with name-tags during the growing season.