Na Adamcích National Nature Monument

The Na Adamcích NNM covers an area of 7.47 ha. on the slopes of Homola hill (273 m.) in the parish of Želetice u Kyjova in the Jihomoravský kraj – South Moravian Region. The monument was declared in 1972 to protect thermophilous grasslands and shrub communities with the occurrence of many endangered and specially protected plant and animal species.
 
The protected area has a characteristic and strongly wavy macrorelief, with a covering of Sub-Pannonian steppe grassland communities, which have formed on the calcareous rocks of the Žďánice Flysh, which is overlain by loess loams in places. The morphological dominant of the monument is an elongated and closed valley with steep slopes, which form an natural amphitheatre. A small section of the slopes is terraced, with remnants of an old cherry orchard growing here. The mildly wavy plateaux surrounding the protected area are intensively cultivated.
 
The vegetation primarily consists of thermophilous meadow communities, the species composition of which vary according to the slope exposition. Very rare and critically endangered plant species which occur at the locality include the garland flower Daphne cneorum, the viper´s bugloss Echium russicum and the St. John´s wort (Hypericum elegans). The narrow-leaved steppe grasslands are dominated by the fescue Festuca valesiaca and dwarf sedge (Carex humilis), whereas the fringes of the steppe are dominated by communities with bloody cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum). The east-facing slopes are covered with extensive growths of burning bush (Dictamnus albus), with the rare occurrence of the purple milk-vetch (Astragalus danicus). Numerous thermophilous plants such as the dwarf iris Iris pumila, the feather-grass Stipa joannis, narrow-leaved flax (Linum tenuifolium), St. Bernard´s lily (Anthericum ramosum), spring pheasant´s-eye (Adonis vernalis) and great pasque flower (Pulsatilla grandis) can all be found on the slopes. The orchids are represented by the military orchid (Orchis militaris) and the burnt-tip orchid (Orchis ustulata).
 
The presence of many rare animals, especially insects, is bound to the rugged morphology and vegetation diversity at Na Adamcích. Significant insects include the praying mantis (Mantis religiosa) and the cicada Cicadetta montana. Abundant butterfly populations can be seen on the slopes in the summertime and include the sloe hairstreak (Satyrium acaciae), Chapman´s blue (Polyommatus thersites), Damon blue (Polyommatus damon), as well as the variable burnet (Zygaena ephialtes), the burnet Zygaena brizae and numerous Tortricid moths. The scarce swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) and the wall brown butterflies (Lasiommata megera) are common here. Among the vertebrates, the bird populations  at the monument are of significance,  and include the golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus), stonechat (Saxicola torquata) and wryneck (Jynx torquilla).