In connection with entry to the European Union on 1st May 2004, the Czech Republic adopted the laws of the European Union. For nature and landscape protection the most important of these is the Council Directive No. 92/43/EEC of May 21, 1992, on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora and Council Directive No. 79/409/EEC of April 2, 1979, on the conservation of wild birds. The aim of both directives was also expressed in the Act on Nature and Landscape Protection. On the basic of this act and the directive 39 SPA – Bird Areas have been declared in the Czech Republic so far. A National List of 879 proposed Sites of Community Importance has also been prepared and accepted. The pSCI localities in the Czech Republic belong to the Pannonian and Continental biogeographical regions, and will gradually be included on the European List. After the acceptance of the Czech National List to the European List protection of these localities will be ensured by declaring them as specially protected areas and in the case that the locality was not already protected, they can be protected on a contractual basis by a public contract with the landowners. After addition to the European List, a large number of Czech localities will immediately become Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) because they are already protected (in various national categories).