Kyzlinková, Renata – Pojer, Petr – Veverková, Soňa
Industrial Relations in the Czech Republic: Recent Developments and Future Challenges
Prague: RILSA, 2017. 38 pp.
The study describes social dialogue and relations between social partners in the Czech Republic since 2012. Economic growth in the Czech Republic resumed in 2014 following the economic crisis; nevertheless, the recovery exerted no major impact on relations between the various social partners. That said, one important change that influenced relations between social partners and the government as well as between social partners themselves consisted of the election of a new centre-left government following pre-term elections in October 2013. Relations between social partners and the previous centre-right government had gradually deteriorated especially since, according to the social partners, the government ignored their comments on the government‘s economic policy. Conversely, the new government in its policy statement pledged to involve social partners in active dialogue. This commitment to social partners has been fulfilled and is seen in a positive light by both employee and employer representative bodies. Relations between social partners at the tripartite level positively influence bipartite social dialogue, which was maintained at a good level even during the economic crisis – both employers and the trade unions were primarily interested in preserving job positions and, therefore, the wage demands of the unions were moderate. In 2015, however, the largest trade union organisation in the Czech Republic – in connection with the economic recovery – focused on their End of Cheap Labour campaign aimed at securing wage increases which would gradually result in the attainment of wider EU wage levels. It is feared however that this campaign, which continued into 2016, may result in conflict between social partners in the future.
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